Biomechanica Hungarica, Évf. 6, Szám 1

Effect of kayaking on balancing ability after sudden changes in direction

Németh Árpád László, Kiss Rita M., Aradi Petra



Different sports influence the balancing ability variously. The aim of this study to examine the effect of kayaking on dynamical balancing ability after sudden changes in direction.


The investigation included 5 race-kayakists and 5 leisure-time sportsmen. Dynamical balancing ability have analyzed by the ultrasound-based sudden perturbation test (provocation test). A rigid platform have moved from its central position and fixed by a fastening unit. The rigid platform connected to a rigid frame by 4 or 8 steel springs of identical strength. The platform swings back into its original, resting position, stimulating sudden disturbances after releasing the fastening unit. The participant must balance and re-equilibrate as the plate moves. The motions of the rigid plate were recorded by an ultrasound-based system. From this motion the Lehr’s damping ratio can be calculated and it characterizes the balancing ability of the investigated person.


For the kayakist group, the average values of the Lehr’s damping ratio determined were significantly bigger while standing on one limb and on both limbs compared to the parameters for the control group.


A high level of complex coordination is required to regain equilibrium after a sudden change in direction. Sports activities can develop this ability. This investigation demonstrate that not only the traditional methods (a sudden stoppage from running, sudden setting in motion, jumping or changing in direction) but motion in a continuously moving media (in aqueous media) can also develop the balancing ability. During kayaking the media always changes; moreover, it often surges so persistent balancing is essential. The results draw attention to the fact that dynamic balancing ability can be developed by other than traditional methods.


DOI: 10.17489/biohun/2013/1/30

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